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APA Standard - APA 7th Edition, 2019

In October 2019, the American Psychological Association (APA) introduced the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual, which replaces the 6th edition published in 2009.

Examples for References and in-text citations in APA Style

1. The publisher location is no longer included in the reference.

  • Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

  • Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. Simon & Schuster.

2. The in-text citation for works with three or more authors is now shortened right from the first citation. You only include the first author’s name and “et al.”.

  • (Taylor, Kotler, Johnson, & Parker, 2018)

  • (Taylor et al., 2018)

3. Surnames and initials for up to 20 authors (instead of 7) should be provided in the reference entry.

  • Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Evans, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Turner, S. T., . . . Lee, L. H. (2018).

  • Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Evans, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Turner, S. T., Lewis, F., Nelson, T. P., Cox, G., Harris, H. L., Martin, P., Gonzalez, W. L., Hughes, W., Carter, D., Campbell, C., Baker, A. B., Flores, T., Gray, W. E., Green, G., . . . Lee, L. H. (2018).

 

4. DOIs are formatted the same as URLs. The label “DOI:” is no longer necessary.

 

5. URLs are no longer preceded by “Retrieved from,” unless a retrieval date is needed. The website name is included (unless it’s the same as the author).

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